On leaving the fellowship and the peace of the Palace Beautiful, the pilgrim’s path now led Christian down a steep slope into a landscape dominated by two difficult and treacherous places named The Valley of Humiliation and The Valley of the Shadow of Death.
The word regeneration denotes the new birth which brings new life to the soul. The necessity of this doctrine was especially articulated by Jesus Christ in His conversation with Nicodemas. Christ's emphasis was that regeneration is a spiritual work in which man is passive, because he is flesh. Only the Holy Ghost can effect such a spiritual change in the life of the sinner.
As the one who represented us in His perfect humanity, Christ's relationship with the Spirit has much to teach us about our need of the Holy Ghost. He possessed the Spirit as a man for us, so that we could enjoy the Spirit also