7. Numbers; From Sinai to the Plains of Moab


Numbers: From Sinai to the Plains of Moab 

Key Verses – 14:22-23

Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice;  Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it:

 The Jews called the third book of Moses bemidhbar or “In the Wilderness”, which is taken from the opening verse. This is most appropriate because Numbers is the record of the wilderness wanderings. As such it records the major events of a period totalling approximately 38 years. The name “Numbers” is first found in the Septuagint where the Greek arithmoi is used. This acknowledges the fact that two censuses are recorded in this book; one at the commencement before the people left Sinai and the other at the Plains of Moab as they prepared to enter the Promised Land. The key words – murmurings and wanderings – are vital to our understanding of this book. While murmuring first surfaced in Exodus they became more vicious in Numbers and led to the rebellion at Kadesh Barnea. The murmurings led to the wanderings. From the borders of the Promised Land God sent the nation back into the wilderness for another 37 years until the generation who left Egypt had perished. Numbers is the only Book of Moses to use the word “wander”, with reference to the journeys of the Hebrews; 14:33, 32:13. On each of these two occasions the wanderings refer to judgement; judgement for the murmuring and their catastrophic consequences. When Paul wrote to the Hebrews he drew strong application from the failings of a generation in the Book of Numbers, Hebrews 3 and 4. There he clearly indicated that the rest which the Israelites refused was a picture of Christ and we must not be deceived into departing from the living God by abandoning our hope in Him.

 

Chapters 1 – 10:10 THE PREPARATION FOR LEAVING SINAI

 

Chapters 1 – 4 ​

The Numbering of the People

In this first Census 603,550 men of fighting age are recorded. Therefore the total strength of the nation must have been approximately 2,500.000 people. This was a remarkable growth from the 70 persons who came to Egypt 400 years earlier. We can understand why the numbers of Hebrews so alarmed the Egyptians. God was fulfilling his promise to Abraham that His people would be numerous. We should pause to appreciate the weight on Moses’ shoulders as this huge camp city spread out before him reaching into the horizon.

 

Chapters 3 – 4 ​

The Roll and Arrangement of the Levites

The priests could only serve when they were aged between 30 and 50 years of age. Therefore a huge amount of time was involved in preparing the young men for their 20 years of service. Herein we see Christ who did not take up public ministry until he was 30 years old.

 

Chapters 5 – 6 ​

Cleansing the Congregation

This includes the rules surrounding the vow of Nazarite who was set aside for holy purposes. The two most famous Nazarites in Jewish history were Samson and John the Baptist.

 

Chapters 7-9 ​

The Last Events at Sinai

This included the offering of gifts, the consecration of the Levites and most significantly the celebration of the Passover.

 

Chapters 9:15-10:10 

The Call to Leave Sinai

9:15-23 This informs us that the people could only journey when the cloud moved forward. This cloud transformed into fire at night and represented the presence of God. In our lives this typifies the word of God from which we must constantly seek guidance in relation to the future.

10:1-10 When the cloud moved the people were alerted by the silver trumpets. While the trumpet is often synonymous with the watchman and warnings in the scripture; it is especially likened to the voice of the Lord in Revelation; 1:10, 4:1. When we are in the will of God we will be so certain that it will be as if voice of God is sounding as a trumpet in our hearts. When the Word of God and the inner voice of the Spirit in our souls correspond we know that like Eleazar of Damascus we are being led in the way (Genesis 24:27).

 

Chapters 10:11- 36          JOURNEYING FROM SINAI TO THE PLAINS OF MOAB

 

Chapters 10:11-36 

The Departure

 

Chapters 11

 Complaining for Lack of Flesh to Eat.

God gave them what they desired in the form of quails. Many died as they were eating, however, teaching us that it is foolish to make requests of God with a bitter and angry spirit. 

 

Chapters 12

 Moses Challenged

Aaron and Miriam were a poor example to the nation with their questioning of Moses’ marriage. Miriam was struck down with leprosy for this sin, to be saved by her brother’s meekness.

 

Chapters 13-14 

Kadesh Barnea

The events which would consign the people to the wilderness for the lifetime of all those who left Egypt. A tragic scene of rebellion and judgement. The only bright spot in this dark incident is the faithfulness of Joshua and Caleb who stood with Moses against the vicious onslaught.

 

Chapters 15  

Various Offerings to be Presented in the Promised Land

 

Chapters 16

The Rebellion of Korah

Supported by Dathan and Abiram, Korah led a rebellion against the authority of Moses and Aaron. This provoked the most severe judgement recorded in the Old Testament, apart from Sodom’s desolation, when the earth opened up and swallowed these rebels and their families. Inexplicably the children of Korah survived and became servants in the ancient temple in later generations. Testimony to the grace of God (26:11, Psalm 42, 44-49, 84-85, 87-88).

 

Chapters 17 

Aaron’s Priesthood Authenticated

The blossoming of Aaron’s rod proved that he was the Lord’s High Priest. The rooting of a dead and dry stick reveals Christ, the root out of a dry ground, and teaches us that the Lord makes the weak and the despised fruitful servants.

 

Chapters 18-19

Priestly Legislation

 

Chapters 20 

The Passing of a Generation

Miriam and Aaron die and Moses is told that he will not enter the Promised Land because he smote the rock in anger, even though he was provoked by the rebellions of the people.

 

Chapters 21 

Forward to Canaan

Canaanite, Amorite and Bashan armies are conquered. In the midst of defeat more people died as God sent fiery serpents as a judgement for their complaints. The nation was saved by Brazen Serpent, a wonderful picture of Christ, John 3:14-16.

 

Chapters 22-24 

Balaam and Balak

The heathen prophet who was compelled to bless Israel against the wishes of the King of Moab. 24:17 furnishes a view of Christ all the more remarkable when we consider who Balaam was.

 

Chapters 25 

Idolatry, Immorality and Faithfulness

On the plains of Moab Israel rebel against the Lord by worshipping Baalpeor and forming relationship with Moabitess women. 24,000 died in the plague which God had sent. Aaron’s grandson, Phineas, stayed the plague by killing a Jewish man and a Moabitess.

 

Chapters 26 

The Second Census

Now that the old generation who left Egypt have died off, at the alarming rate of 300 funerals a week, it was time for a new numbering. This new census calculating the fighting men, numbered just over 600,000. Despite the difficulties of the wilderness God ensured that there was a new generation strong and ready to fight for the Promised land.

 

Chapters 27:1-11 

The Daughters of Zelophehad

 

Chapters 27:12-23

 Joshua Appointed as Moses Successor

 

Chapters 28-30 

Offerings, Feasts and Vows

 

Chapters 31 

The Defeat of the Midianites

 

Chapters 32 

The Two and a Half Tribes

Reuben, Gad and Manasseh claim the territory east of the Jordan. The have to promise to fight with the other tribes as they conquered Canaan. This chapter has some key texts; v6, v18 and v23.

 

Chapters 33 

A Summary of the Wilderness Journey

 

Chapters 34 

The Borders of the Promised Land

 

Chapters 35 

The Cities of Refuge; A Picture of Gospel Grace

 

Chapters 36 

The Marriage of the Daughters of Zelophehad

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