The Hebrew Offerings and Feasts 1

THE RELIGIOUS LIFE OF THE ANCIENT JEW AS PRESENTED

IN THE BOOK OF LEVITICUS

 

The Offerings And The Feasts 

Part 1 – Introduction

Why Study Leviticus?

This is a book, which we generally find difficult to read because of the many rituals and laws given, which we struggle to apply with relevance to our lives.  The problem, however, lies with us, not with the book.  As the Lord has given us this record we ought not to ignore its sacred contents.

The importance of Leviticus is underscored by the fact that no other book in Scripture contains more of the actual spoken words of God to mankind.

The Book is so called because the institutions set forth here were entrusted into the care of the tribe of Levi.  Therefore the Jews called this book “the law of the priests”.

In the Book Of Hebrews Paul laid down the principles of interpreting Leviticus (Hebrews 9:7-14).  Therefore Leviticus is an unveiling of the person of the Lord Jesus.  Here we view the Lord in type through these offerings and feasts but in the New Testament we have the antitype.  In Leviticus we see the Saviour in shadow but in the New Testament we behold him in substance.  Concerning this Robert Murray McCheyne wrote, “Suppose that one to whom you were a stranger was wrapt in a thick veil, so that you could not discern his features; still if the lineaments were pointed out to you through the folds, you could form an idea of the beauty and form of the veiled one.  But suppose that one whom you know and love – whose features you have often studied face to face – were to be veiled up in this way how easily you could discern the features and form of this beloved one!  Just so the Jews looked upon the veiled Saviour, whom they had never seen unveiled.  We under the New Testament, look upon an unveiled Saviour ; and going back to the old, we can see far better than the Jews could, the features and form of Jesus the Beloved, under the veil.  In Isaac offering (Genesis 22), in the scapegoat (Leviticus 16), in the shadow of the great rock Isaiah 32:2), in the apple tree (Song Of Solomon 2:2) what exquisite pictures there are seen of Jesus! And how much more plainly we see the meaning than believers of old.”

After the tabernacle was erected Jehovah spent one month giving Moses directions as to regulation of worship (Exodus 40:17 and Numbers 1:1).

God spent six days in creation but spent one month given instructions concerning the tabernacle worship.  This surely teaches that the presentation of Christ in the plan of salvation is more glorious than the work of creation.

The offerings and feasts, which were so central to the worship of the ancient Jew, are five in number.  The number five in scripture is indicative of the grace of God.  In this study I pray that we will encourage our hearts in the grace, love and mercy of our God.

The Five Offerings And Their Meaning

Reference Offering Meaning
Lev 1 The Burnt Offering Faith In Christ
Lev 2 The Meat Offering Following After Christ
Lev 3 The Peace Offering Fellowship With Christ
Lev 4 – 5:13 The Sin Offering Forgiveness Through Christ
Lev 5:14 – ch7 The Trespass Offering Fee Demanded By Christ

 

The Five Feasts And Their Meaning

Reference Feast Date Meaning
Lev 23:4-8 Passover 14th-21st of the 1st Month or April Redemption Through Christ
Lev 23:9-22 Pentecost 6th of the 3rd Month or June Reviving By Christ
Lev 23:23-25 Trumpets 1st of the 7th month or October Remembrance Of Christ
Leviticus 23:26-32, ch16 Day Of Atonement 10th of the 7th month or October Reception With Christ
Lev 23:33-44 Tabernacles 15th-22nd of the 7th month or October
Rejoicing In 
Christ

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